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Glossary

Alkaline

Non rechargeable battery recommended for most detectors by the manufacturers
All Metal
A setting available on some detectors allowing them to detect any kind of metal (ferrous or non ferrous)

Artefacts

Man made objects found whilst detecting. We normally refer to buckles, buttons, musket balls and other finds, but not coins.

Audio ID

This is available on a number of detectors to identify a target by an audible tone.

Black sand

Negative ground minerals consisting of magnetic iron oxide. This can be found either inland or on the beach. This will result in a loss of depth for the detector.

Chatter

‘Noise’ or broken signals caused by ground minerals or small pieces of iron. To overcome this reduce sensitivity or slightly increase discrimination.

Coil (Search Coil)

The part of the detector that senses the target. This is sometimes known as ‘search head’ ‘loop’ & ‘antenna’

Coin depth

On some detectors the coin depth facility gives an indication of the depth of the target.

Concentric

Search coil with two circular coils tuned to each other to produce a cone shaped search matrix, (see coils).

Control box

Contains the circuitry controls, speaker, usually the batteries and the microprocessor. (Not always in the middle of the machine.

Cut back

Loss of depth caused by mineralised soil. Also occurs on wet sand on tidal beaches.

Depth

Simply how deep your find is from the surface.

Detector

Informal term for a metal detector

Detectorist

Everyday term used to describe a person who uses a metal detector.

Digger

Or trowel, spade, or any tool used to dig for your finds. Various different trowels are available designed specifically for the hobby. They come in many different shapes and sizes to suit all budgets.

Discrimination

A facility on most modern detectors to enable the user to ignore unwanted items. This can normally be set manually at a level no higher than ‘iron’ as there may be a chance good items become rejected with the junk.

Double D

Also known as widescan. This is a type of search head containing two balanced D shaped coils

False signals

These can be caused by junk, loose leads on the coil, stubble or hard soil.

Ferrous

Objects made from iron.

Frequency

The Hertz measurement of current cycles in the metal detector.

Ground balance

The point at which the detector neutralises ground minerals and finds targets easier.

Ground effect

Positive or negative mineralization in the ground causing loss of depth on the detector.

Ground reject

Ability of the detector to overcome ground effect.

Grot

Usually Roman or Georgian bronze or copper coins worn & corroded.

Hammered

A hand made coin struck between dies from a metal blank. Normally silver or gold.

Hoard

A collection of coins or valuable items buried for safe keeping but never retrieved.

Hot rock

A single rock that is higher in minerals than those in the surrounding area.

Masking (Target Masking)

A good find hiding behind junk resulting in a mixed signal.

Mineralisation

Naturally occurring minerals in the ground causing loss of depth and an erratic performance.

Motion

The movement of the search coil to detect finds. Most modern detectors are motion detectors.

Negative mineralization

Ground contamination and loss of depth usually consisting of small particles of iron or ferrous minerals occurring naturally in the soil.

Nicad

Type of rechargeable battery. Nickel-Cadmium

Non motion

First developed in the 1960’s. They need to be manually tuned and re-tuned every few minutes due to the signal drifting.

Pinpoint

A feature on most detectors to enable the user to pinpoint the target.

Positive Mineralisation

Normally found on salt wet beaches. Often causes a detector's threshold to increase

PI (Puls Induction)

Pulse induction is a type of metal detector which is able to ignore mineralisation, often used for searching the wet salty sand on beaches.

Reject

The ability of a metal detector to ignore unwanted targets. Also known as discrimination.

Search head

Often referred to as a coil, antenna or loop. (See coil)

Sensitivity

The depth at which a metal detector can register metal objects. Full sensitivity can be used for best depth but, is not recommended. It is often beneficial to turn the sensitivity down in order to match the conditions of a site.

Scattered Hoard

A collection of buried coins which have been scattered or disturbed by ploughing

Signal

The audio sound given off by the metal detector when it passes over a metal item

Scuff cover (Coil cover)

Protective plastic cover which fits on to the underside of the coil. The coil cover should remain on the coil during use to prevent scratches and damage to the coil. It is cheaper to replace a coil cover than it is to replace a coil so these are highly recommended.

Silent search

Modern detectors run with a silent threshold except when passed over a metallic object.

Stability

The detector's stability is it's ability to maintain threshold without drifting out of tune. Instability can also result from outside electric interference such as power lines or from chatter created by small pieces of iron on mineralised ground.

Stem

Also referred to as the shaft, (upper and lower). This is the tubular section of metal connecting the coil to the rest of the detector

Sweep

The metal detector sweep is the movement of the coil along the floor when searching for treasure. Often side to side as the detectorist is moving forwards.

Target

The object in the ground which causes the detector to give a signal.

Target Masking

This is when a good find is hidden behind a bad find. (See Masking)

Threshold

Most modern metal detectors do not need to be tuned in and run on a silent threshold. The threshold is the optimum point of tuning on a detector where a faint tone can be heard.

Tone Discrimination

When a metal detector has the ability to let the user know if the target is good or bad. A different tone can be heard for different types of metal.

Trash

Junk, Rubbish, unwanted metallic finds like rusty old nails, silver paper, drink cans.

Treasure trove

This has since become the treasure act 1996. The ancient law which states that precious metal objects, hidden with the intention of being retrieved later become the property of the crown.

Treasure

Items covered under the treasure act.

Tune

The adjustment required to set a detector up to it's best performance.

Variable discrimination

This is a control on many modern metal detectors which allows the level of junk rejection to be modified by the user.

Visual I.D.

Where the detectorist uses the meter of a detector to indicate the possible nature of the target.

Widescan

Double D or 2D coils capable of finding a target across the diameter of the coil

 

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